Sunday, May 24, 2020

The Media A Powerful Voice - 1088 Words

The Media is a powerful voice listened to by millions of Americans, as well as billions of people across the globe. For decades, the media has been an influential instrument in the political realm. In today’s politics, the media is a necessary part of the campaign process and is undoubtedly a powerful tool for candidates in getting their message to the public and the engine by which public opinion is formed. But just how powerful is the media? Dictionary.com defines the media as, â€Å"The means of communication, as radio and television, newspapers, and magazines that reach or influence people widely.† Media influences daily lives and dictates social norms. In such an advanced technology age, everything is publicized on some form of media. News stories, fashion trends, celebrity reports, and political events are all discussed in the news, social media networks, and newspaper articles. Media has been involved in U.S. politics since the beginning of the nation and has evo lved in scope over time. Obviously early politicians did not have computers or radio, but they did use newspapers and verbal announcements in the early 1700’s. To reach supporters, politicians use the newest form of media available. Modern politicians use social media outlets like Facebook and Twitter to influence public opinion. The media has grown from reaching viewers regionally to reaching them globally. As media began to utilize new technology, candidates and elected officials learned to never miss anShow MoreRelated The Media as Conduit for Political Propaganda Essay657 Words   |  3 PagesThe Media as Conduit for Political Propaganda According to the latest polls, 90% of Americans favor military retaliation for the September 11 attacks on the World Trade Center. Taking into consideration that all aggregate data is used for self-serving means, this number is still exceptionally large. The numbers are manufactured by propaganda vehicles, or rather the mainstream media. In a sort of Orwellian fashion, the media bombards the audience with images, voices, and memoirs of death, griefRead MoreFree Speech for Sale Essay962 Words   |  4 Pagesbring people the news, powerful corporations are able to drown out the voices that disagree with them - and its all perfectly legal. To me, this situation calls into question how true our democracy really is. Are we as the voters receiving the thorough information we need to make decisions? Or are we being fed censored or biased news, and just eating it up without asking any questions? The movie starts with the story of a politician in North Carolina who crossed the powerful hog industry. The industryRead MoreThe United Summit For Human Rights976 Words   |  4 Pages The Geneva Summit for Human Rights and Democracy awarded her its human rights award in February. Among the reasoning was, â€Å" For giving a voice to the voiceless† (Dehghan). Some resistance to a movement like this is to be expected, and overall the world has appeared to celebrate this campaign as a major step forward. Additionally, My Stealthy Freedom’s media attention is not just centralized to Iran or the Middle East. The world is watching and reporting on this movement. From the United StatesRead MoreEssay Language is Power—Sexist Patriarchal Power1741 Words   |  7 PagesMerkel is the Chancellor of Germany; Forbes ranks her as the most powerful women and fourth most powerful person in the world (â€Å"World’s 100 Most Powerful Women,† â€Å"World’s Most Powerful People†). However, during her election, the media (the most abundant source of language) trivialized her; they only focused on her appearance and not her stance on the issues at hand (Là ¼nenborg). The media, particularly the men in charge of the media, tends to focus on the external aspects of women, much like when someoneRead More The Media As A social Problem Essay1731 Words   |  7 PagesThe Media as a Social Problem nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp; nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;The mass media plays a large role in modern society. Indeed, many have argued that people spend more time in â€Å"mass-mediated† interaction than in actual human interaction. The mass media, then, would seemingly be an excellent position to initiate social change, positively affect social problems, and help combat social ills that are considered normal patterns of behavior. Yet, the mass media has largelyRead MoreSocial Media As A Powerful Tool928 Words   |  4 PagesSocial media is a powerful tool that can be used to aide in social movements and transformations. The speed, easiness, and ability to connect people are key aspects as to why social media plays a major role in organizing social justice movements. I believe that one of the most important aspects of social media is that it is available for so many people to see and use. People are able to organize protests, spread information on important topics rapidly, and share updates on what is going on from anyRead MoreThe Media as a Social Problem Essay1748 Words   |  7 PagesDan Thomas 11-21-01 The Media as a Social Problem The mass media plays a large role in modern society. Indeed, many have argued that people spend more time in mass-mediated interaction than in actual human interaction. The mass media, then, would seemingly be an excellent position to initiate social change, positively affect social problems, and help combat social ills that are considered normal patterns of behavior. Yet, the mass media has largely failed in addressing and helpingRead MoreCustomer Experience Builds Brand Awareness Essay960 Words   |  4 Pagescustomer service, whether it’s email or social media. Start building a consistent customer experience today. Below are few strategies to help your team. 1. Describe Your Brand’s Mission According to a Forrester study, customers are becoming increasingly dissatisfied with organizations delivering inconsistent cross-channel experiences. To offer consistency, start with your brand’s mission. Mission statements describe the purpose of your company. A powerful mission statement affects every part of yourRead MoreAnalyzing Radio Station Industry in Nz1300 Words   |  6 Pagesclearly quite an expensive investment. Next, the greatest threat of entering the industry is the brands that have been existed for a rather long time. Actually, in New Zealand, over 250 radio stations are consolidated into 17 brands and two primary media owners, CanWest and The Radio Network cover approximately 85% of the radio audience. How could a new entrant compete with those mature and strong radio stations in fair? Therefore, it is rather difficult for people to start new business in radio industryRead MoreSocial Media: An Information Platform for Enterprises1436 Words   |  6 Pagesï » ¿Social Media As An Information Platform for Enterprises Introduction Social medias influence is accelerating across every aspect of society, bringing with it a need for increased authenticity, transparency and trust. For the first time customers can stand on equal ground with the brands they buy from and in some cases, are very loyal to. Of the most disruptive force in society today, social networks are revolutionizing how the consumer interacts with every strata of business and government as

Wednesday, May 13, 2020

Senior Year Of High School - 871 Words

Senior year of high school presents difficulty and stress for most students. Much of this stress steams from the pending decisions they need to make for their future. Choosing a college is a difficult yet exciting process students face as they are about to graduate high school. This process can become even more difficult when family members begin to offer their suggestions. This often consists of parents persuading their children to apply to their own college. I was curious to find out how much of an effect this has on the students overall decision. Through personal interview and secondary research I have found that in most cases, while having an alumni parent does contribute slightly to the decision, other factors impact a student’s decision more then their parents. My initial thought when answering this question was to look at my personal experiences. During my senior year my parents did suggest that I apply to their alma matar. This was not a request I failed to take seriou sly seeing as the university did not have my intended major. I decided to further investigate the university simply to satisfy my parents. I found that not only did the school not offer my intended major, the tuition was extremely over my budget. While I choose not to go to the university my personal experiences show that some students may give into the pressure from their parents and decide to attend their parents university. To investigate what experiences other students had, I interviewed JordanShow MoreRelatedSenior Year Of High School1535 Words   |  7 PagesSenior Year Learning Experience The senior year of high school was the most spectacular year of my life thus far. During this period of time I encountered memorable experiences, and overcame challenges. Notably successfully finding the right college for me to attend was a breath taking experience and a challenge. Also during my senior I spent a tremendous amount of time socializing with my friends. Which built many enjoyable experiences, but also bad experiences. In the end I overcame these badRead MoreMy Senior Year In High School760 Words   |  4 PagesMy Senior Year in High School was More Fun than Work As I walked across what appeared to be a mile-long stage to receive my diploma, I realized I had put in a lot of hard work leading up to that moment, but my senior year was not one of them. I enjoyed myself as much as possible during my senior year and was able to have some of the best times of my life that I will remember forever. I participated in fundraising events, prom king competition and matured leading up to my senior year which was notRead MoreMy Senior Year Of High School893 Words   |  4 PagesI realize that there are instances in which I yearn that I would have done things differently. One perhaps being, I wish in my senior year of high school I would have worked less hours at my job and enjoyed my classes, events, and token opportunities in school. The summer before my senior year of high school began my parents had taken the decision that after twenty years of marriage it was time they went there separate ways. Compared to other kids I did not take my parents separation so hard, I sawRead MoreMy Senior Year Of High School1210 Words   |  5 PagesI am not sure what about my senior year of high school led to so many times of reevaluation as opposed to other years. Maybe it was because of the overshadowing of closing one door while knowing I would have to open another one very soon that led me to think through who I was and how I was taking in information. But, nonetheless, that year brought forth many opportunities for me to learn about myself. I consider myself an individual who knows a little about a lot. Being a history major that seemsRead MoreMy Senior Year In High School747 Words   |  3 PagesI have been anticipating my senior year since the day I walked into my Kindergarten classroom. I always adored the older kids that only had one year of torture left. However; now that I am a senior, I absolutely cannot wait for the amazing opportunities that will come with this year. As my highschool career comes to an end, I have set some goals to ensure that I will have the best year possible. Although I have moved to a new place, and have been forced to start everything completely over againRead MoreMy Senior Year Of High School1360 Words   |  6 Pages Towards the end of my senior year of high school, I was preparing for the next chapter of my life. I would be attending UC Davis in the summer for a four weeklong orientation program, specifically for first generation college students. This was the first time I would be leaving home by myself to a different country and it was the first time in over eight years that I would be exposed to the American culture. I did not have any roots in any American city nor did I have a so-called â€Å"home state.† HoweverRead MoreMy Senior Year Of High School965 Words   |  4 PagesMy senior year of high school and I still felt like a freshman. The typical freshman vibe of not fitting in due to the fact that I was a new kid in school and the majority of people had been there since junior kindergarten. These four years at Cann on School have been an emotional rollercoaster. Due to the fact that I couldn’t find any friends for the first two years. I thought that I would find a group that I could hang out with but, it didn’t seem like I was fitingt into any of the cliques. I hadRead MoreMy Senior Year At High School1649 Words   |  7 PagesThere comes a point in everyone s life where they know where they want their lives to go. What path they want to take, where they want to be in 5 years, but there are also some people who have absolutely no idea what their doing. I, unfortunately, am one of those people. Towards the end of my senior year in high school I wasn t thinking of what I was going to do. I didn t have a job and I hadn t even applied for one college yet. And this of course was getting on my mom s nerves. â€Å"It’s time forRead MoreMy Senior Year Of High School1022 Words   |  5 PagesDuring my senior year of high school a program called Genesys Works started at my school. Genesys Works is a non-profit organization that teaches high school seniors professionalism. Genesys Works takes upcoming high school seniors through an eight week training program that trains them in Information Technology (IT) or Accounting as well as ways to become a better professional so they will be able to have an internship during their senior year of high school. When I finished my training I had earnedRead MoreMy Senior Year Of High School949 Words   |  4 Pagesto afford high school in Mexico so she always advised my sisters and me to take full advantage of the free school system in America; and that is what we did. My senior year of high school was tough. For the first few months of my senior year I did not feel excited about college the way that my peers. That is until I visited Trinity Lutheran College on one of its Fall Visit Days. I instantly fell in love with the school. The professor were amazing, the city was great and I knew the school offered the

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

What Is Bibliotheraphy Free Essays

What is Bibliotherapy? * Bibliotherapy – the use of literature to help people cope with emotional problems, mental illness, or changes in their lives or to produce affective change and promote personality growth and development. * The underlying premise of bibliotherapy is that clients identify with literary characters similar to themselves, an association that helps the clients release emotions, gain new directions in life, and explore new ways of interacting * E. g. We will write a custom essay sample on What Is Bibliotheraphy or any similar topic only for you Order Now Teenage readers may feel relief that they are not the only ones facing a specific problem. They learn vicariously how to solve their problems by reflecting on how the characters in the book solve theirs Some approaches in Bibliotherapy * Traditional bibliotherapy * Tended to be more ‘reactive’ * Focused on getting individuals to react positively or negatively to the reading material. * Therapeutic process * More interactive one: the reader becomes part of the unfolding intellectual and emotional process of the story, and in struggling to understand what is being communicated at the deepest levels, the reader responds by making a positive alternation or modification in behavior or attitude. Interactive bibliotherapy * Help them reflect on what they read, such as group discussion and dialogue journal writing. * In clinical bibliotherapy and bibliocounseling * Skilled practitioners use therapeutic methods to help individuals experiencing serious emotional problems. * Devel opmental bibliotherapy * Classroom teachers are more likely to use this method * Involves helping students in their normal health and development * Advantage – teachers can identify the concerns of their students and address the issues before problems arise. Students can also be guided through predictable stages of adolescence Basic stages in Bibliotherapy Generally, activities in bibliotherapy are designed to: * provide information * provide insight * stimulate discussion about problems * communicate new values and attitudes * create awareness that other people have similar problems * provide realistic solutions to problems Four basic stages: identification, selection, presentation, and follow-up. * First two stages – the clients’ needs must be identified, and appropriate books selected to match their particular problems. The books must then be presented carefully and strategically so that the clients are able to see similarities between themselves and the book characters. * Once the clients can identify with the main character, they enter the follow-up stage during which they share what they have gained. * They express catharsis verbally in discussion or writing, or nonverbal means such as art, role-playing, creative problem solving, or self-selected options for students to pursue individually * Once catharsis has occurred, the clients can be guided to gain insight into the problem. Catharsis – the process releasing strong emotions through particular activities or experience) Benefits and limitations of Bibliotherapy * BENEFITS * Provides the opportunity for the participants to recognize and understand themselves, their characteristics, and the complexity of human thought and behavior. * Promote social development as well as the love of literature in general, and reading in particular. * Reduces feelings of isolation that may be felt by people with problems. * LIMITATIONS * Availability of materials on certain topics Lack of clien t readiness and willingness to read. * Clients may also project their own motives onto characters and thus reinforce their own perceptions and solutions – participants may be defensive * Facilitators may have limited knowledge of human development and developmental problems, and inadequate knowledge about appropriate literature. * Clients may be unwilling to discuss areas that are uncomfortable * Facilitators may insist on making a point at the client’s expense. http://www. cyc-net. org/cyc-online/cycol-0105-biblio. html Selection of books When choosing stories for bibliotherapy there are specific criteria : * The child’s emotional and chronological age should be taken into account * The librarian should know the material * It should be related to the child’s circumstances and feelings * Illustrations should be clear and colourful. * Characters should model healthy adaptation patterns * There should be a character suitable for identification. * The hero in the story should also be portrayed realistically, for instance s/he must have feelings such as uncertainty, fear and anger. S/he must portray unacceptable behaviour such as being naughty, while people still accept him/her. * There should be other characters in the story that are more or less the same as those in the client’s situation * The librarian should know the client’s reading ability * In using bibliotherapy with small groups of children, the same principles of book selection * Any books selected will be suited for all group members. BIBLIOTHERAPY!! THREE STAGES of BIBLIOTHERAPY 1. IDENTIFICATION. The child identifies with a character, a story line, SOMETHING in the book that   catches their attention. This identification (discovery) can be by the child, or staged by the therapist or   teacher. 2. CATHARSIS. The child is able to release emotions when he/she becomes emotionally involved in   the story. The classroom or office provides a safe place for the child to release (in a classroom, make   sure to guard the child’s privacy and confidentiality). The child can release any of several ways, such   as discussion, art work, music . . 3. INSIGHT. With the therapist’s help, the child can come to possible solutions to their problem. Or   sometimes, there is no solution, but coping strategies can be suggested and goals made. The   book’s suggested solution or coping strategies can be used, if appropriate. | BIBLIOTHERAPY  can be done in group settings or with individuals alone. Books that address problems common to childhood can be read   to g roups, even when there aren’t any apparent problems. Sometimes a group reading can open discussion and reveal issues. While  BIBLIOTHERAPY  is a good way for children to release pent-up emotions, it should not be considered a cure. Deep psychological   problems can’t be resolved or even handled in a classroom setting — these need to be addressed in more intense therapy. | HOW TO USE BIBLIOTHERAPY!!!! (yahoo) 1. Identify your children’s needs through observation, parent conferences, classwork, official records, etc. 2. Match the problems with the appropriate books. Make sure that the book is appropriate for the child’s reading   level and maturity. 3. Decide on the settings and time for the therapy, and how you will introduce it to the student. 4. Design follow-up activities after the reading. 5. Motivate the child with introductory activities. 6. Engage in the reading, viewing, or listening phase. Ask leading questions. 7. Take a break for reflection. 8. Introduce follow-up activities: ~retelling of the story ~in-depth discussion of the book ~art activities ~creative writing ~dramatic activities 9. Discussion and possible solution finding. | http://www. catherineshafer. com/biblio. html Developmental Interactive Bibliotherapy Bibliotherapy is generally defined as the use of literature to promote mental health * Bibliotherapy has been found effective for a number of domains, such as attitude change, self-concept development, fear reduction, problem-solving ability, prosocial behavior, values development, and interpersonal relationship. * Bibliotherapy can offer a wealth of resources not only for problem-centered interventions but also for classroom guidance. Children’s Social-Emotional Development * The concept of emotional intelligence has been widespread in recent educational literature. Emotional intelligence involves the ability to perceive accurately, appraise, and express emotion; the ability to access and/or generate feelings when they facilitate thought; the ability to understand emotion and emotional knowledge; and the ability to regulate emotions to promote emotional and intellectual growth. †(p. 10) * Even in the reading lessons that involve only engaging stories, children can learn about how the characters feel and how the characters perform in response to such feelings. * Children learn these social-emotional skills through various medium, such as, literature, art programs, music, and so on. Lang (1998) suggested that a curriculum of social-emotional development should generally cover a wide range of issues. It should involve a concern for the personal and social development. The Tr ansactional Model of Stress * People also differ in their coping patterns. * Emotion-focused coping – avoidance, minimization, distancing, selective attention, and positive comparisons, are likely to occur when there is nothing that can be done to modify harmful, or threatening conditions. * Problem-focused coping – amenable to change. * No single strategy that is considered inherently better than any other. Transactional model suggests that to result in emotions and to cope appropriately with the realities of the situation we are facing, we need to appraise correctly. * the concepts of â€Å"appraisal† and â€Å"coping† to the elementary school students is through children’s literature – pertaining to stressful plots and various forms of coping processes and strategies were selected and analyzed Educational Importance of this Study * School counselors to use literature as a method for nurturing children’s social and emotional develop ment. Facilitate discussions with good quality in interactive bibliotherapy, professional skills including active listening, clarification of content, and reflection of feeling are crucial. * Select quality literature-counselors need to expand their collections in various stories pertaining critical issues to children’s social-emotional development at each stage. * Useful to collaborate with other practitioners, such as media specialists, classroom teachers, librarians, and parents. In addition, further knowledge for selecting children’s literature is especially needed. How to cite What Is Bibliotheraphy, Essay examples What Is Bibliotheraphy Free Essays What is Bibliotherapy? * Bibliotherapy – the use of literature to help people cope with emotional problems, mental illness, or changes in their lives or to produce affective change and promote personality growth and development. * The underlying premise of bibliotherapy is that clients identify with literary characters similar to themselves, an association that helps the clients release emotions, gain new directions in life, and explore new ways of interacting * E. g. We will write a custom essay sample on What Is Bibliotheraphy or any similar topic only for you Order Now Teenage readers may feel relief that they are not the only ones facing a specific problem. They learn vicariously how to solve their problems by reflecting on how the characters in the book solve theirs Some approaches in Bibliotherapy * Traditional bibliotherapy * Tended to be more ‘reactive’ * Focused on getting individuals to react positively or negatively to the reading material. * Therapeutic process * More interactive one: the reader becomes part of the unfolding intellectual and emotional process of the story, and in struggling to understand what is being communicated at the deepest levels, the reader responds by making a positive alternation or modification in behavior or attitude. Interactive bibliotherapy * Help them reflect on what they read, such as group discussion and dialogue journal writing. * In clinical bibliotherapy and bibliocounseling * Skilled practitioners use therapeutic methods to help individuals experiencing serious emotional problems. * Devel opmental bibliotherapy * Classroom teachers are more likely to use this method * Involves helping students in their normal health and development * Advantage – teachers can identify the concerns of their students and address the issues before problems arise. Students can also be guided through predictable stages of adolescence Basic stages in Bibliotherapy Generally, activities in bibliotherapy are designed to: * provide information * provide insight * stimulate discussion about problems * communicate new values and attitudes * create awareness that other people have similar problems * provide realistic solutions to problems Four basic stages: identification, selection, presentation, and follow-up. * First two stages – the clients’ needs must be identified, and appropriate books selected to match their particular problems. The books must then be presented carefully and strategically so that the clients are able to see similarities between themselves and the book characters. * Once the clients can identify with the main character, they enter the follow-up stage during which they share what they have gained. * They express catharsis verbally in discussion or writing, or nonverbal means such as art, role-playing, creative problem solving, or self-selected options for students to pursue individually * Once catharsis has occurred, the clients can be guided to gain insight into the problem. Catharsis – the process releasing strong emotions through particular activities or experience) Benefits and limitations of Bibliotherapy * BENEFITS * Provides the opportunity for the participants to recognize and understand themselves, their characteristics, and the complexity of human thought and behavior. * Promote social development as well as the love of literature in general, and reading in particular. * Reduces feelings of isolation that may be felt by people with problems. * LIMITATIONS * Availability of materials on certain topics Lack of clien t readiness and willingness to read. * Clients may also project their own motives onto characters and thus reinforce their own perceptions and solutions – participants may be defensive * Facilitators may have limited knowledge of human development and developmental problems, and inadequate knowledge about appropriate literature. * Clients may be unwilling to discuss areas that are uncomfortable * Facilitators may insist on making a point at the client’s expense. http://www. cyc-net. org/cyc-online/cycol-0105-biblio. html Selection of books When choosing stories for bibliotherapy there are specific criteria : * The child’s emotional and chronological age should be taken into account * The librarian should know the material * It should be related to the child’s circumstances and feelings * Illustrations should be clear and colourful. * Characters should model healthy adaptation patterns * There should be a character suitable for identification. * The hero in the story should also be portrayed realistically, for instance s/he must have feelings such as uncertainty, fear and anger. S/he must portray unacceptable behaviour such as being naughty, while people still accept him/her. * There should be other characters in the story that are more or less the same as those in the client’s situation * The librarian should know the client’s reading ability * In using bibliotherapy with small groups of children, the same principles of book selection * Any books selected will be suited for all group members. BIBLIOTHERAPY!! THREE STAGES of BIBLIOTHERAPY 1. IDENTIFICATION. The child identifies with a character, a story line, SOMETHING in the book that   catches their attention. This identification (discovery) can be by the child, or staged by the therapist or   teacher. 2. CATHARSIS. The child is able to release emotions when he/she becomes emotionally involved in   the story. The classroom or office provides a safe place for the child to release (in a classroom, make   sure to guard the child’s privacy and confidentiality). The child can release any of several ways, such   as discussion, art work, music . . 3. INSIGHT. With the therapist’s help, the child can come to possible solutions to their problem. Or   sometimes, there is no solution, but coping strategies can be suggested and goals made. The   book’s suggested solution or coping strategies can be used, if appropriate. | BIBLIOTHERAPY  can be done in group settings or with individuals alone. Books that address problems common to childhood can be read   to g roups, even when there aren’t any apparent problems. Sometimes a group reading can open discussion and reveal issues. While  BIBLIOTHERAPY  is a good way for children to release pent-up emotions, it should not be considered a cure. Deep psychological   problems can’t be resolved or even handled in a classroom setting — these need to be addressed in more intense therapy. | HOW TO USE BIBLIOTHERAPY!!!! (yahoo) 1. Identify your children’s needs through observation, parent conferences, classwork, official records, etc. 2. Match the problems with the appropriate books. Make sure that the book is appropriate for the child’s reading   level and maturity. 3. Decide on the settings and time for the therapy, and how you will introduce it to the student. 4. Design follow-up activities after the reading. 5. Motivate the child with introductory activities. 6. Engage in the reading, viewing, or listening phase. Ask leading questions. 7. Take a break for reflection. 8. Introduce follow-up activities: ~retelling of the story ~in-depth discussion of the book ~art activities ~creative writing ~dramatic activities 9. Discussion and possible solution finding. | http://www. catherineshafer. com/biblio. html Developmental Interactive Bibliotherapy Bibliotherapy is generally defined as the use of literature to promote mental health * Bibliotherapy has been found effective for a number of domains, such as attitude change, self-concept development, fear reduction, problem-solving ability, prosocial behavior, values development, and interpersonal relationship. * Bibliotherapy can offer a wealth of resources not only for problem-centered interventions but also for classroom guidance. Children’s Social-Emotional Development * The concept of emotional intelligence has been widespread in recent educational literature. Emotional intelligence involves the ability to perceive accurately, appraise, and express emotion; the ability to access and/or generate feelings when they facilitate thought; the ability to understand emotion and emotional knowledge; and the ability to regulate emotions to promote emotional and intellectual growth. †(p. 10) * Even in the reading lessons that involve only engaging stories, children can learn about how the characters feel and how the characters perform in response to such feelings. * Children learn these social-emotional skills through various medium, such as, literature, art programs, music, and so on. Lang (1998) suggested that a curriculum of social-emotional development should generally cover a wide range of issues. It should involve a concern for the personal and social development. The Tr ansactional Model of Stress * People also differ in their coping patterns. * Emotion-focused coping – avoidance, minimization, distancing, selective attention, and positive comparisons, are likely to occur when there is nothing that can be done to modify harmful, or threatening conditions. * Problem-focused coping – amenable to change. * No single strategy that is considered inherently better than any other. Transactional model suggests that to result in emotions and to cope appropriately with the realities of the situation we are facing, we need to appraise correctly. * the concepts of â€Å"appraisal† and â€Å"coping† to the elementary school students is through children’s literature – pertaining to stressful plots and various forms of coping processes and strategies were selected and analyzed Educational Importance of this Study * School counselors to use literature as a method for nurturing children’s social and emotional develop ment. Facilitate discussions with good quality in interactive bibliotherapy, professional skills including active listening, clarification of content, and reflection of feeling are crucial. * Select quality literature-counselors need to expand their collections in various stories pertaining critical issues to children’s social-emotional development at each stage. * Useful to collaborate with other practitioners, such as media specialists, classroom teachers, librarians, and parents. In addition, further knowledge for selecting children’s literature is especially needed. How to cite What Is Bibliotheraphy, Papers

Sunday, May 3, 2020

Strategic Management of a Healthcare-Free-Sample for Students

Question: Identify and explain the aims and core Business of health Institutions from the perspective of both the Organisation and the nursing sector within the Organisation. Answer: Introduction Healthcare is explained as services contributed to persons or communities by health care faculty for the objective of developing, managing, scanning or strengthening health (WHO). It includes the power to influence factors of health-improving activities. Satisfying well-being services are meant to deliver safe, adequate and valuable quality care for needy. A healthcare organization defined as that workforce who works in responsive, honest and an efficient manner which leads to the best health results by providing available resources, the satisfactory number of equally distributed staff who is active and productive (Bartunek, 2011). A well-organized healthcare system includes (WHO): Positive impact on the health status of individuals, families, communities Defending the population from what can cause diseases Protecting people from the financial burden caused due to illness Providing equal and easily accessible care to peoples To achieve above aims, all health organization have to plan and execute some essential activities, regardless of how they are coordinated: they have to give satisfying deliveries, mobilize and allot finances, evolve skilled health workers, and ensure health system governance and leadership. Quality health care organization who follow standards give safety to the patients; the one following regulations are considered as the quality care providers. Quality may be explained as an optimal balance between observation and specify values. The quality of care is a multidimensional concept; it is a system that must certificate each patient the fusion of therapeutic and symptomatic act which provides the perfect outcomes regarding of health at the lowest cost and for his greatest satisfaction regarding of procedures, result in the health care system (Brand L. Barker, 2012). The Structure of healthcare organization Good organizational design and structure avoid confusion chaos of conflict: distraction from work, an absence of arrangement among jobs, collapsing to share ideas, and moderate decision-making brings supervisors unnecessary intricacy, stress, and clash. Healthcare structure includes organizational resources, practice conditions, qualifications of professionals. Hospitals composed and aligned with a graded and divisional organization. Graded structure means the different level of faculty from higher to lower post is responsible for others within their corresponding distribution. Structure measure checks out the framework of healthcare ambiances like hospitals or doctor offices and figures out whether the healthcare environment is capable of delivering appropriate and proper care to the patient. The above measure accommodates staffing of facilities and the efficiency of the staff, the policy surrounding in which care has given and required resources within an institution. Their general features include nurse staffing, great technology, space, experienced expertize, urban/rural area, learning hospital status. The Organizational arrangement is an official, supervised system for linking the person, knowledge, technology of a management and delivers as a particular structural component which allows association of maximizes value by coordinating their collective layout to overall scenario. There are several different seats within a hospitals management to compose the facility to work accurately. The graded arrangement operates great for accountability function, but it can usually generate several mangled lines intercommunication within the organization (Owusu Kwateng, Vivian Osei EkowAbban, 2014). Example of structural measures can be: - There is a diagnosis care consultant in the ICU or the intensive care unit at all times? An ICU is particular unit of a healthcare which delivers regular and complete care to the patients who suffer from serious disease and need exclusive treatment. In ICU, patient need life support system for breathing and oxygen demand. To fulfill above need, these patients are continuously attend and scanned by specific team members who includes doctors, nurses, occupational therapists, dieticians (Frankel Moss, 2015). In Australia, there is one nurse over two patients to take care regular responsibility of them. For example- For giving medication and liquids to the patients recommended by the physicians Measuring the breathing rate, blood pressure level, heart rate Planning of organization to meet quality care: In hospitals introduction of the bonus-base incentive system that can be shared by all health system personnel when collective quality aims are achieved. These financial encouragements could then be accomplished by contributing to clinical service manager and leading authority for meeting quality targets. The use of monetary incentives to award consistent achievement has attained new passionate reinforcement. Outstanding business has grown management and organizational framework that leads to corporate-level goals. At the same time, it reinforces the efficiency of personnel business units to address their regional opposing surroundings. A strong-working health system establishes proper access to necessary medical products, vaccines and automation of guaranteed quality, security, adequacy and cost-effective use. There should be the collaboration of clinicians in total quality management when the prospective alteration in organizational structure occurs regarding the physicians roles in quality management at service level along with straight announcement to the chief executive officer of the hospital (Shojania, 2011). There are five primary focus elements of a framework that presents a practical explanation of design: decision-making administration, organizational structure, incentive design, culture, knowledge network and telecommunication (Mohanty Rath, 2013). Decision-making administration- it includes senior responsibility and huge responsibility. It educates boards regarding quality. It decided on regarding commercial financing in quality and staff salary. Organizational structure- Organizational design is a general, manage task for associating person, technology, knowledge of a healthcare which delivers as a main basic aspect that permits the collaborations of the maximum by pairing their corporate layout to total strategy. Incentive design- It improve the quality of care in the hospital, incentive plays a dominant role. The use of economic incentive to praise the outstanding performance of staff has gained motivation to serve the good qualities to the patient. Culture- This quality plays a dominant role in overall organization quality. The culture of healthcare should consider as the leading aspect of the total strategy of a firm in forming quality raised steps. Culture allows adapting in the differing surrounding. The civilization effects a staff leadership trait culture of quality. It has been at some of the healthcare and these results in improvement in quality management in those healthcare. Telecommunication- telecommunication is critical to raised quality. It needs high-investing cost. If the knowledge process should not have collected correctively then the quality of outcome will suffer. By maintain proper knowledge about patient aspect, quality within health care can be improved (Thien, 2016). Process and Patient care: Clinical or regulatory working possesses elements of association and care coordination, the volume of patients, human resource management practices, inter-professional communication. Occasionally management defined as the system composed of social and scientific services and activities occurring within organizations for the function to achieve proposed target through people and other resources (Steuten Buxton, 2010). Process measures are used to check the specific services which are given to the patients by staff are matchable with the suggested protocol for care or not. These areas are occasionally related to treatment or methods that are well-known to upgrade health status or avoid prospective complexity or health status. Process measure often reflects professional regulation of care. A good process measure should always possess proof that can actually relate a procedure with increased efficiency. Current process measure is widely aimed at the field of chronic disease management and its prohibition. It has the limitation that it does not produce regularly assume results and the user should be alert by this drawback. Process measure has inadequacy in the important field of care which can also contribute to results for example care systematization and technology (Speziale, 2015). Process measure which is grown in future should aim at these broad fields. An example of process measures includes: Nurse practitioners are regularly scanning the feet of diabetes patients for examining wounds-The person who is suffering from diabetes has higher chances of neuropathy, peripheral arterial disorder and low capability of eliminating infections. Thus diabetic patient often suffer from foot problem, and at higher risk of gaining amputation, infection. To avoid the foot from amputation, nurses regularly check the wounds presence on diabetic patient feet. Outcome measures: Outcome measure checks patients health as an outcome of the care they have perceived. More characteristically outcome measures evaluate at the property of the care which effects on patient health, health status given either intended or unintended. These measures also determine whether the objective of care achieved or not. Outcome measure commonly includes the conventional measure of survival, the prevalence of disease and health related trait of life aspects (Sim Mackie, 2013). These measures check the patient report information whether patients are happy with the health care which they have got or not. But these measures do not determine the overall aspect of the patient struggle. Outcome measures reflect the prospective outcome of the patients, so these measures are developed with patient requirement, standards and choices in mind. It is necessary to understand the future impact of health along with demanding variability in patient populations when outcome measures are used and evaluate. Outcome measures can be especially profitable for patients when they are selecting workers or health care services in the context of knowledge on cost. Example of outcome measures include: a patient who is suffering from diabetes, what was his amputation rate? Role of clinical data in relation to quality and safety- As mentioned above, in process and outcome measure, a diabetic patient example has given. On doing process and outcome measure following data are collected- By lab result, it has obtained that the patient A1C comes between 7-8 By pharmacy data, it is estimated that 50 units of insulin should be administer in patient. From the history of patient, it has found that rate of hypertension has 140 over 110 These clinical data are used by healthcares in maintaining quality and safety as- Process and outcome data gives an assurance that patient is getting improved or not. By obtaining process and outcome data, it can be assessed that patient is getting the right care or not Process and outcome data provides a powerful image of a patient that what is happening with him, and what healthcare services are provided to him by the practitioners, nurses and other staff members. Nursing sector within the organization In health organization, quality of care is determined by a major aspect which includes nursing and outcome of patients (Gagnon, Gagnon Fortin, 2015). The role of nurses on healthcare safety and quality- Nurses play a vital part in the delivery of high quality and well-regulated care. The people think that responsibility of nurses is emotional and physical task, while this is a misunderstanding as nurses work includes delivering care to the patient and their families by providing the emotional, physical and stress-free environment. The shortage of nursing staff in the hospital will lead to heavy workloads on the staffing level in hospitals (Gardner, Gardner OConnel, 2013). The quality of nursing care describes the desired execution of judgement and drugs planned to develop patient results and avoid the adverse event. Such as the duration to which nurses determine the danger for decline in hospital patient upon entry, implement information based low-avoidance protocols. Attention to safety issue also includes the quality of nursing care (Glintborg, Andersen Poulsen, 2010). For example, the efficiency of medicine intake. Protected responsibility involves frequent observation to patients status to ensure pre identification of patient degradation and if the complications are recognized, then by making adequate interdisciplinary team resolves this problem rapidly. Nurses can also upgrade safe care by playing as an efficient team leader (Manning Coad, 2015). The services of nursing care are usually a team coordination in which registered nurses direct non-registered nurses. The kind of responsibility that nurses are conveyed is affected by particular nurse characteristics such as experience and knowledge along with human aspects like lethargy. The essence of responsibility is further measured by the regularity where nurses are working. It involves not only personal level but also includes the needs of all the patients which are fulfilled by nurse or nursing staff and the presence of other faculty and support service of organization, environment and culture maintained by the leader in that framework (Sargent, Forrest Parker, 2012). In different work surrounding under irregular staffing condition, the individual nurse may distribute care of altered quality to patients for identical requirements. Safety results incorporate rates of mistake in care along with possible avoidable problems in at risk patients. That safety practices which involves fewer mistakes and measureable problems of care considered as a high-quality delivering care but it is often considered as only one aspect of quality. Serious mistakes or problems considered as poor clinical results (Rholm, 2010). The main tasks done by nurses are- Monitoring patients condition by analyzing risk or complications Delivering optimum care by coordinating with providers Acknowledgement of patients' individuality Provision of individualized care Development of social relationship with patient Anticipation of need and willingness to help Knowledge of patient as a person Expression of involvement, affection, consciousness towards patient Presence of adequate staff and convenience for the patients. Educating patients and family members about treatment and precautions which can minimize the risk of post hospital complication and readmission How quality of nursing delivery can be maintained- Rules and laws can also upgrade safe care of patients. Nurses are obligated to pursue the rules and laws of licensing authority and ethics of profession which is provided by the differing nursing association. These regulation, standard and rules incorporate educational qualification, maintaining proficiency in practice and avoiding to include in any acts of the profession. For example, misbehavior with patient, incomplete practice, acknowledging identifiable information of a patient to a wrong person. It is a nurses professional responsibility to keep her safe efficient by learning things for life-long. Conclusion- Health organization required to organize their task process to increase quality and public centeredness to raise the ability of care services. All the nurses and field faculty act an important role in maintaining quality and safety in healthcare. To achieve appropriate advantages from the contribution of these staff members, the hospital should acknowledge their potential role. For making nurses and other faculty actively involved in the organization for raised quality and enhancing productivity in the hospital, there should be active participation of both within the institution and by those who calculate their capability and pay for their duties. Safety can be maintained by decreasing the harm which occasionally occurs in span of delivery of care by supporting the most efficient cure for the dominant root of mortality, by increasing the useful intercommunication and coordination of responsibility, satisfying all patients and their families about delivery of care, engaging with communities to support healthy living, generating quality care more approachable for patients, their families, government by manufacturing and enhancing the use of modern healthcare service model. By providing all the requirements for equipments, knowledgeable staff, specified layout, cost-effective, quality of care and safety can be maintained in the hospital References: Bartunek, J. (2011). Intergroup relationships and quality improvement in healthcare.BMJ Quality Safety,20(Suppl 1), i62-i66. Clarke, Donaldson, S. (2017). Patient Safety and Quality: An Evidence-Based Handbook for Nurses:,Vol. 2. Frankel, S., Moss, M. (2015). The Effect of Organizational Structure and Processes of Care on ICU Mortality as Revealed by the USCIITG-Critical Illness Outcomes Study.Crit Care Med,42(2), 463-464. Gagnon, M., Gagnon, J., Fortin, J. (2015). A learning organization in the service of knowledge management among nurses: A case study.International Journal Of Information Management,35(5), 636-642 Gardner,, G., Gardner, A., OConnel, J. (2013). Using the Donabedian framework to examine the quality and safety of nursing service innovation.Journal Of Clinical Nursing, (23), 145-155. Glintborg, B., Andersen, S., Poulsen, H. (2010). Prescription data improve the medication history in primary care.Quality And Safety In Health Care,19(3), 164-168. Manning, J., Coad, J. (2015). G217?Transforming childrens nursing within a healthcare organisation through an innovative leadership approach.Archives Of Disease In Childhood,100(Suppl 3), A92.2-A92. Mohanty, J., Rath, B. (2013). Organisation culture as indicators of citizenship behaviours within organisations: a multi sector analysis.International Journal Of Business Performance Management,14(3), 245. Owusu Kwateng, K., Vivian Osei, H., EkowAbban, E. (2014). Organizational Communication in Public Health Institutions.International Journal Of Business And Management,9(11). Rholm, M. (2010). Abductive reasoning and the formation of scientific knowledge within nursing research.Nursing Philosophy,11(4), 260-270. Sargent, G., Forrest, L., Parker, R. (2012). Nurse delivered lifestyle interventions in primary health care to treat chronic disease risk factors associated with obesity: a systematic review.Obesity Review. BRAND, C., L. BARKER1, A. (2012). A review of hospital characteristics associated with improved performance.International Journal For Quality In Health Care,24(5), 483-494. Sim, F., Mackie, P. (2013). Public health: passing interest or core business?.Public Health,127(5), 401-402. Shojania, K. (2011). BMJ Quality Safety: new opportunities for better, safer healthcare.BMJ Quality Safety,20(4), 291-292. Speziale, G. (2015). Strategic management of a healthcare organization: engagement, behavioural indicators, and clinical performance.European Heart Journal Supplements, (17 (Supplement A), A3-A7. Steuten, L., Buxton, M. (2010). Economic evaluation of healthcare safety: which attributes of safety do healthcare professionals consider most important in resource allocation decisions?.BMJ Quality Safety,19(5), e6-e6. Thien, G. (2016). CSR and indirect impacts of core business products/services of financial services institutions.International Journal Of Corporate Strategy And Social Responsibility,1(1), 86.

Friday, March 27, 2020

How the length of wire affects its resistance Essay Example

How the length of wire affects its resistance Paper Introduction- In our investigation we are trying to find out that what are the factors which effect the resistance of a resistance wire. Through textbooks and information from the Internet I have identified these factors. -The length of the wire -The thickness of the wire -The material of the wire -The temperature of the wire Through my general knowledge and reading through various textbooks I know that electrons move more easily through some conductors than others. And that the resistance is the opposing force, which slows down the flow of electrons. And through learning I know that good conductors have low resistance and poor conductors have high resistance. And a resistance is caused in a circuit when a free moving electron collides with an ion where the kinetic energy of the electron is transformed to heat energy and therefore it loses its speed and in turn the material the electrons were flowing through gets hot. From past learning I know that the free moving electron is said to be free because they have enough energy to escape from the attraction of the nucleus, and move with a random motion. And they will flow in one direction from the negative side to the positive of the circuit (because the electron is negatively charged) when I pass a current through the circuit. While reading through a textbook I also found out that when the current is passing through the circuit the electrons would have many opportunities to collide with an ion because this is a fixed structure of the metal wire that I will be testing. And would be attracted to the negative side of the circuit because it is positively charged but however it cannot move because it has no energy to do so or again because it is a fixed structure. We will write a custom essay sample on How the length of wire affects its resistance specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now We will write a custom essay sample on How the length of wire affects its resistance specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer We will write a custom essay sample on How the length of wire affects its resistance specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer Trough learning I know that the best way to find out the resistance of a wire in ohms is by using the following equation. Resistance of voltage across the conductor A conductor = current through the conductor Which in short can be written as V R= I Variables- The main factor of the whole experiment is the wire that we use to test the resistance. The wire will be in use the hole time through out the experiment. Beginning from 100cm and ending at 10cm. The only other factor that will affect the wire is the temperature, the reason being because I have worked with it if the electricity is left for a long time on. Then the wire will start to melt or if it is on a higher electricity level from the power pack then the wire will actually burn. Prediction- I predict that the longer the length of the wire the higher the resistance because, the longer the wire the more ions it will have, so theoretically there are more opportunities for the free moving electrons to collide with the ion. Which reduces its speed so to this the resistance increases also predict that the length of wire would be directly proportional to the resistance. So if you increase the length by two the resistance would also increase by two times. I predicted this because from my past learning and the information I have gathered tells me that this is true. (GCSE physics by Duncan) clearly states the resistance of a wire is proportional to its length (quadrupling the length quadruples the resistance) And (lets revise GCSE science) also suggests, the length of wire is proportional to its resistance Apparatus- Ruler-100cm long with the wire attached to it with tape. Voltmeter -this was connected parallel to the wire. Power pack -the supply of energy was put to two volts Ammeter -this was connected from the positive side of the power pack to the positive of the ammeter with a lead because this is the best way to get an accurate reading. Leads -this connected all the equipment Crocodile clips -this was used to connect the leads to the metal wire to let a current pass through. Variable resistor- if reading of voltmeter beyond range adjusted. Method- My circuit was set up like this: + Variable resistor Power pack Voltmeter Ammeter + + 100 cm Ruler Test wire. In this investigation a simple circuit will be set up to read the voltage and current when the length of the wire changes. The circuit should be set up as above. The length will range from 10cm 100cm (1m) with intervals of 10cm. Moving the crocodile clip across the wire on a ruler will change the length of the wire. If I am doing the experiment rite then I should be able to spot a pattern straight away. This way I would be able to see if the experiment is going ok. Of the pattern does not show up then the experiment that is being carried out is wrong.

Friday, March 6, 2020

Sociology Personal Statement for a Graduate’s Program Essay Example

Sociology Personal Statement for a Graduate’s Program Essay Example Sociology Personal Statement for a Graduate’s Program Essay Sociology Personal Statement for a Graduate’s Program Essay Sociology, which sometimes also refers as social science, deals with the scientific study of society. By using numerous types of pragmatic examinations and critical analysis, a sociologist analyze how humans interact with each other or simply how they interact with the society. There are different areas of sociology each examine a unique perspective of humans or society such as social organization that deals with the study of numerous groups, institutes or organizations and social psychology that deals with the study of collective behavior of humans and their attitudes or personalities. To become a sociologist you will first need to complete your graduate from a prospective university and to get admission in that university you will need to write a sociology personal statement. A personal statement is a prerequisite that you need to tackle when you apply to any college or university. It tells the board that evaluates the applications what makes the applicant tick, how he developed an interest in sociology and why he wants to study in this university. There are some personal statements that offer the applicants to pick out their own theme such as medical or law statements. But there are also some that ask the applicant to respond to only given questions such as business related personal statements. Nonetheless, to write an attention-grabbing sociology personal statement that can occupy a slot in your specific university, follow the below listed guidelines. First determine your potential or capability for studying sociology. List down your special skills or past experiences that shows your aptitude for this field. Tell the audience why you are the fit candidate for the sociology graduate program. What makes you special and competent to continue further studies in this field? Recall the history of your academic performance or previous experience that can act as evidence that you can handle the graduate studies in sociology in a competent manner. For instance, show them that you maintained your good performance and high grades while doing a full-time job during undergraduate. It is also important to conduct a little research on the university where you are applying for the graduation program so that you can respond them why their university is the best place for you. For instance, you can discuss their special course that you didn’t find in any other university and how that special course compelled you to seek admission there. Start the draft with an appealing introduction that hooks the board of the university. Open the statement with an interesting anecdote. You can also start with a quotation that gives the readers an idea about your point of view regarding sociology. Describe your qualification, work experience, inspiration or aspiration in the body of the personal statement. Since it is a sociology personal statement you need not to use any jargon but keep the writing simple. In the conclusion of the statement, reiterate the interest in the sociology field and your future goals that you have in mind.

Wednesday, February 19, 2020

Integrating Ethics into Practice Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 250 words

Integrating Ethics into Practice - Essay Example The two concepts keep me in my toes as a business professional. Going concern keeps my eyes set on the ultimate goal as a professional to always keep the business functional and viable. All other concepts will become nil if the business will stop its going concern. Costs tests my acumen as a business professional because it determines how well I keep this within a controllable limit to keep the business operational and profitable and sustain it as a going concern business. The 11 FASB concepts which are money measurement, Entity, Going concern, Cost, Dual aspect, Accounting period, Conservation, Realization, Matching, Consistency and Materiality sets the guidelines of the ethical practice of an accounting professional and a business person. This serves as the standards of the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) whereby financial statements that are prepared by a business should conform